Different Types of Anesthesia Given Before Surgery

Plastic surgery has been around for many years. With each passing year, the safety standards and technology utilized during procedures become more and more advanced. One of the greatest medical revolutions that has allowed plastic surgery to exist is anesthesia.

There are a few different types of anesthesia, and each is used for different types of procedures.

Listed below are three forms of anesthesia and descriptions for what types of medical procedures they are typically used for:

1. General Anesthesia
This is the most common type of anesthesia used at Mia Aesthetics, and is generally utilized for major cosmetic procedures like liposuction, breast augmentations and the Brazilian butt lift (BBL). Under general anesthesia, patients are put on a breathing machine to ensure they are taking in oxygen. Patients are fully asleep, and do not feel anything throughout their procedures. General anesthesia is typically very safe. Most patients report feeling like they fell asleep and woke up minutes later, even if the procedure lasted several hours.

There are some side effects reported with general anesthesia including temporary confusion, dizziness, difficulty passing urine, nausea and vomiting, shivering and feeling cold, and a sore throat due to the breathing tube. These symptoms generally pass a few hours after the procedure is complete.

2. Sedation
Sedation is a lighter form of anesthesia. It puts patients into a sort of “twilight” zone where they are not completely unconscious, but very relaxed and not responsive to pain. This is used for more minor types of procedures. Sedation is not always as safe as general anesthesia because there is no breathing tube in place. This type of anesthesia is used less than both general and local anesthesia.

3. Local Anesthesia
Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures like biopsies, local injections and cavity removal. This type of anesthesia just puts the area being treated to sleep so that the patient feels no pain throughout the procedure. However, in local anesthesia, there is no sedation of the central nervous system, meaning the patient is still awake and aware of what is happening.

With the advancement of anesthesia, cosmetic surgery is a reality that can exist for almost anyone in good health. Being aware of what anesthesia will be used for your procedure and any possible side effects can make your surgical journey as smooth and complication-free as possible.